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Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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Featured content, July 08, 2020

What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
What’s the Difference Between Great Britain and the United Kingdom?
Navigating the nomenclature of the British Isles
Demystified / Geography & Travel
Union Jack flag of Great Britain, united kingdom
11 Caves That Made History
Know before you go.
List / Geography & Travel
Pre-historic cave painting in the Lascaux cave in Montignac, France
Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
African Americans
African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Barack Obama: 2008 election night rally
Asia
Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass....
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Asia
Native American
Native American, member of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere, although the term often connotes only...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Navajo Supreme Court justices
Cave
Cave, natural opening in the earth large enough for human exploration. Such a cavity is formed in many types of rock and...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Stalactites and stalagmites in the Queen's Chamber, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, southeastern New Mexico.

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Chicago skyline at sunset, Illinois
Chicago
Do you think you know all there is to know about Chicago? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
Tropical rainforest on the Sarawak river in Borneo, Malaysia.
Beautiful Borneo
Located in the southwest Pacific, Borneo is the world’s third largest island. The island is politically divided among Malaysia,...
Canyon. River. Rock formations. Cliff. View of the Colorado River and Canyonlands National Park from Dead Horse Point State Park, Utah.
U.S. State Mottoes
Each of the 50 states has a motto. Can you identify all of them? Test your knowledge of U.S. state mottoes in this quiz.
Quincy Market in Boston, Massachusetts, USA
U.S. State Capitals Quiz
Do you know the capitals of the 50 states? In this quiz, you’ll be given a state, and you’ll need to select its capital city—all...
Catedral at night on Plaza de Armas (also known as plaza mayor) Lima, Peru.
World Capitals Quiz
Can you identify the world’s national capitals? In this quiz you’ll be shown the names of 195 countries, and you’ll need...
Pakistan Monument is a landmark in Islamabad which represents the four provinces of Pakistan.
Countries and Capitals Quiz
How well do you know the world’s capital cities? In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. You’ll...
Flag of Canada
Quick Quiz: Canada
Canada’s landmass is big, but this quiz is not. Test what you know about Canadian geography.
The flag of the European Union
Know Your European Geography Quiz
What’s the longest river in Europe? Where is Gdańsk? Get ready to prove what you know about the geography (and history) of...
Encyclopaedia Britannica thistle graphic to be used with a Mendel/Consumer quiz in place of a photograph.
Quick Quiz: Central American Geography
Central America consists of seven countries (and sometimes part of an eighth), but this quiz includes only two questions....
Rural Irish landscape, Sligo, Ireland.
Geography of Ireland Quiz
Ireland is called the Emerald Isle because of its vividly green grasslands. This quiz will test what you know about some...
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Geography & Travel
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Geography & Travel Subcategories

Toronto Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Iraq Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
Auschwitz: entrance gates Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Model T Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of California Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Latin inscription Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Africa Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Moraine Lake at dawn, Banff National Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
Kentucky state flag States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
Plain of Esdraelon Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Panoramic view of Machu Picchu, Peru. Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
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